Acne: A common skin disease that causes blackheads, pimples and oily skins also characterise Acne. Acne affects areas of skin with a relatively high number of oil glands. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem etc. In 80% of cases, genetics is thought to be the primary cause of acne.
Acne was estimated to affects more than 600 million people globally. It is the 8th most common disease worldwide. Acne commonly affects 80-90% teenagers in the world.
Including lifestyle changes, medications, and medical procedure, many treatment options are available for acne. Treatment directly applied to the affected skin, such as Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and Azelaic acid.
Factors that cause Acne…
There are many risk factors that cause Acne….
As the disease does not follow a classic inheritance pattern, acne susceptibility is likely due to the influence of multiple genes.
Hormones activity such as puberty, menstrual cycle, play big role in the formation of acne. An increase in sex hormones called androgens causes the skin follicle glands to make oilier sebum. Several hormones have been linked to acne including androgens testosterone.
Apart from Genes and Hormonal changes, unbalanced diet, infection and stress may also cause acne.
Acne has become a general problem, especially for teenagers. And now, many treatments are available to get rid of acne. Common treatment includes topical therapies such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoid and systematic therapies including hormonal agents, and oral retinoid.